. AMAZING *SCIENTIFIC WORLD OF FENG SHUI*
MOST ADVANCE RESEARCH ORIENTED FENG SHUI SITE from GUI WORLD OF CULTURE

HOMEPAGE:
GUI WORLD OF CULTURE
AMAZING SCIENTIFIC
WORLD OF FENG SHUI
ARTICLES
on Feng Shui
COURSES
on Feng Shui

Article FS08/3
ERRORS IN COMPUTATION OF
FENG SHUI AND ASTROLOGICAL YEARS
3. CHINESE CALENDARS NOT ACCURATE

Prof. Dr. Ong Hean-Tatt 12th January 2008


Introduction

The ancient Chinese emperors would not use the calendars to evaluate their Feng Shui and astrology as they knew the calendars could never be accurate! However, the ordinary people had no choice but to use the inferior calendars. It is time you understand why.


Solar and Lunar Cycles Had to be Harmonised

The Chinese calendar is not so accurate a calendar as appeared. As the 12 lunar months are shorter than the solar year, an extra 7 months have to be added every 19 years to synchronise the solar and lunar cycles. These extra 7 months are known as "intercalary months". The astrological implications of being born in an intercalary month are complicated.

No matter how the lunar cycles are synchronised with the solar cycles there is always a slight difference, which caused the intercalation method to fail again and again in due time, necessitating calendar reforms.

In the Shang dynasty, the intercalary month was just added to the end of the year and became a 13th month. Sometime in the Chou dynasty it was added into the middle of the year. During the Sui dynasty, it could be added in between any two months. The present Chinese lunisolar calendar created by the Christian Jesuits adds the intercalary month when the lunar cycle falls between the beginning of one Solar Stem and the end of the next Solar Stem, with a rule that intercalary months cannot be added for the winter months but must be postponed accordingly.

No calendar can keep total track of the astronomical movements and had to be reformed now and then.


Fragment of Chinese Calendar

Attempts to Use 24 Solar Terms Calendar to Mark Time

It is possible to use the stars constellations to divide the celestial sky into 24 equal divisions. This principle is the basis of the 24 Solar Terms, which, in recent time before the Republic, was used to provide guidelines for agriculture practices.

Each Solar Stem composes 15 degrees of the orbital circle of 360 degrees. The synodic lunar cycle (from new Moon to new Moon) is about 29 days 12 hours 44 minutes, being short of 30 degrees of the orbital circle. When the lunar cycle falls between the beginning of one Solar Stem and the end of the next Solar Stem, an intercalary month is called for.

Some practitioners try to avoid the complications of the intercalary methods by just using a 24 Solar Terms calendar, known as the 24 Solar Stems calendar.




Use of 24 Solar Stems Calendar for Feng Shui and Astrology

This 24 Solar Stems calendar was developed only during the Sui dynasty, circa AD 600. It was a calendar meant to track the changes in the seasons, information which was highly applicable to agriculture.

Significant aspects of both Feng Shui and astrology are related to the actual Moon phases and these aspects cannot be tracked by the so-called "month" in the 24 Solar Stems calendar. The 24 Solar Stems may be able to help forecast seasonal effects in Feng Shui and astrology but these will only be partial and incomplete, and may even be contradictory if true lunar effects are masked out.


Inadequacies of Calendars

Both the luni-solar and 24 Solar Stems calendars cannot pinpoint the actual positions of the planets. The actual positions of the planets are important in astrology but can only be determined by direct astronomical observations.

In the short term, approximations of planetary positions can be calculated through formulas. But as these are only approximations they need to be reformed now and then. The blind use of Feng Shui and astrological formulas coming down from over 1,000 years ago is questionable in terms of accuracy.


Emperors Referred to Actual Astronomical Positions for Astrological Time

Knowing these problems, the ancient Chinese emperors would not use these calendars for Feng Shui and astrology purposes. This was because the emperors would require their astronomers to pinpoint the actual positions of pertinent planets and stars in the sky for making Feng Shui and astrological predictions. The ordinary Chinese people were not allowed to consult planetary tables so that the imperial families could have an edge over their people.

The last knowledgeable Feng Shui master who understood the usage of the celestial systems was the Tang master Yang Yun Sung, who stole the forbidden book of imperial planetary tablets. After the Tang, Chinese capability in astronomy declined enormously.

The Chinese emperors had used the astronomical readings for their Feng Shui and astrology, leaving the ordinary people to use the inferior calendar system. The calendar system being based on rounded numbers are only approximations of actual periods of astronomical movements.


Need for More Accurate Time Determination

The Western and Hindu astrologers, in a superior way to date astrological time, directly look at the actual positions of the planets and stars to cast the forecasts.

If the Chinese can also do this, the Chinese Feng Shui and astrology will become much more accurate. However, the Chinese need to rediscover the actual correspondence between their astrological formulae with actual planets and stars systems.

The inaccuracies with respect to the above issues render the current Chinese Feng Shui and astrology predictions anybody's guesses. This is why the yearly Feng Shui astrological forecasts can often miss the mark.

The Tang dynasty grandmaster Yang Yun Sung was aware of the danger of using the inaccurate calendars and advised direct astronomical observations for Feng Shui and astrology purposes:

  • Once again you are advised to identify the constellation, so that the good and bad, disaster and prosperity would happen like a miracle. Qing Nang Aow Yi 3.85-3.86 .



Other related articles:

top


Use astronomical observations for accurate Time in Feng Shui and astrology audits. Find out from GUI Management Centre!


FENG SHUI IS A LOST HIGHLY SCIENTIFIC ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
ONCE KNOWN TO THE ANCIENT CIVILISATIONS!