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Article: 7 November 2017
Myth of Reincarnation
Part 1: Ancient Scriptures Speak Against Reincarnation

Dr Ong Hean-Tatt Ph.D.

See Part 2: Myth of Reincarnation Part 2: Science Speak Against Reincarnation

Ancient scriptures went back to 3000 BC. But the doctrine of reincarnation emerged only in the middle of the first millennium, BC.,when the Greeks and Hindus seemed to borrow from the Middle East. The Hindu Vedas do not talk of reincarnation, as the Vedas show that when a person dies the Soul goes straight to heaven, which is the same thing Confucius and the Holy Bible say! Check the evidence here and do not be misled anymore!


Scientific evidence that all religions take the same road to God.
Research from over 1,000 years old texts and traditions.




Figure 1. Seven Jain Hells.

Many ancient cultures depict that the Soul in one of the six to seven types of Afterlife. These types are not physical locations but allegories of Afterlife conditions created by the mind of the Photon Matrix or Immortal Soul.

Introduction

Reincarnation? Past life? Do you ever feel like you used to be someone else?

Reincarnation is the philosophical, metaphysical or religious concept that, from after each biological death, an aspect of a living being starts a new life in a different physical body or. It is also called rebirth or transmigration, and is often taken as a part of the Samsara doctrine of cyclic existence.

The discussions here will be in-depth and will focus on two major aspects:

  • Part 1 will discuss what the ancient scriptures really say about "reincarnation:
    Part 2 will present the scientific evidence whether there is reincarnation or not.

    • Scientifically, the "reincarnation images" have an astonishing scientific source, which certain people can tap to get the "reincarnation images". This source, which is a form of a gigantic "Floating Memory", is also the basis of all ghosts images and spirit possessions.

      We will discuss the scientific evidence in Part 2. Its mechanism is based on electromagnetic waves and is quite similar to the way modern computers electronically access the "Cloud".


Popularly, the word "reincarnation" would be taken to mean that a person upon death may be born again as an animal, human or even god. There are people who claim to be so and so in previous lives.

However, there is a range of different definitions for "the word "reincarnation", which does not imply that that a person upon death may be born again as an animal, human or even god.:

  • The word "reincarnation" derives from Latin, literally meaning, "entering the flesh again". The Greek equivalent metempsychosis (µeteµ... ) derives from meta (change) and empsykhoun (to put a soul into), a term attributed to Pythagoras. An alternate term is transmigration implying migration from one life (body) to another. Reincarnation refers to the belief that an aspect of every human being (or all living beings in some cultures) continues to exist after death, this aspect may be the soul or mind or consciousness or something transcendent which is reborn in an interconnected cycle of existence; the transmigration belief varies by culture, and is envisioned to be in the form of a newly born human being, or animal, or plant, or spirit, or as a being in some other non-human realm of existence. The term has been used by modern philosophers such as Kurt Gödel and has entered the English language. Another Greek term sometimes used synonymously is palingenesis, "being born again". (Wikipedia 2017. Reincarmation. en.wikipedia.org.)


As a Christian I was baptised and regarded as a "born again" Christian. Perhaps some may say I had been "reincarnated". But, of course, this is not the popular meaning of the word "reincarnation". This point should be noted, as many ancient passages claimed to refer to reincarnation are actually referring to the sort of "rebirth" I had during baptism.

The point is that, many times the ancient scriptures use the word "reincarnation", it actually means "incarnation". Such a meaning has nothing to do with the notion that a person upon death may be born again as an animal, human or even god. You have to carefully check the ancient scriptures for what are actually meant.

The author is aware of claims of many to experience so-called previous lives.

  • In passing, it should be pointed out that "reincarnation images" are common among mad people in the lunatic asylums, who would claim to be so and so.

    Another type of "reincarnation images" are found in psychics and mediums who would summoned spirits of dead people and even deities.

    All the above demonstrate so-called "reincarnation images" along a scale. As will be shown, there is a common scientific mechanism behind them all, the differences being differences in aspects of the unrealised common scientific mechanism.


Hence, these claims must be examined along a scientific basis, which will demonstrate something very different, and which has significant implications for the worship systems of the ancient cultures and religions!



Figure 2. Buddha was a Rabbit
1800 Jataka illustrationt

Vishnu's first avatar was a fish. These animals do not reflect past existence as animals but are allegories.

Buddha was a Rabbit

Certain episodes in the ancient scriptures could be quoted as supporting reincarnation.

  • Long ago when Brahmadatta was ruling in Benares the Bodhisatta came to birth again as a hare… And there were three others – a monkey, a jackal and an otter – his friends. ..
    Sakka pondering on this perceived the cause and thought, "I will test the king of hares"..
    First he went to the dwelling place of the otter…The otter said.. Seven red fish.. Eat it… ..
    The jackal said.. Two spits of meat.. Eat.. …
    went to the monkey… ripe mangoes… eat.. …
    then he went to the wise hare..
    Go thou, friend, collect sticks, make a fire… I will give up myself and leap into the midst of the fire..
    But the fire was not able to make hot even a pore of the skin of the Bodhisatta's body and he felt like one who has plunged into the midst of snow.. I am Sakka come to test thee… (Jataka Commentary, Birth Story No.316. p.530-533).

    • The Teacher (Sattha), having finished that narrative and made clear the moral-truths (saccani) applied the story (jatakam) .. "The otter of that time was Ananda, the jackal was Moggalana, the monkey was Sariputta, and I myself was the wise hare.." (Sakoala-kappa; Int. 107. p.533).


Many Buddhists would refer to such a story as the above to say that there is reincarnation, and that Buddha was once a rabbit. However, the animals as described in the story make no natural sense. The story was actually a parable, like the European parable of Beer Rabbit, or the Malay parable of Sang Kancil the mousedeer. They are only interesting parables to illustrate moral lessons.

Just as Buddha was supposed to be a rabbit, Vishnu the Hindu god was supposed to be a fish:

  • The first Avatar of Vishnu the Creator is a Fish. At the great feast in honour of this god, held on the twelfth day of the first month of the Indian year, Vishnu is represented under the form of a golden Fish. " The Fish Avatar was afterwards transferred to Buddha. In Buddhist religion the symbols of the Fish and Fisher are freely employed. Thus in Buddhist monasteries we find drums and gongs in the shape of a fish, but the true meaning of the symbol, while still regarded as sacred, has been lost, and the explanations, like the explanations of the Grail romances, are often fantastic afterthoughts. In the Mahayana scriptures Buddha is referred to as the Fisherman who draws fish from the ocean of Samsara to the light of Salvation. There are figures and pictures which represent Buddha in the act of fishing, an attitude which, unless interpreted in a symbolic sense, would be utterly at variance with the tenets of the Buddhist religion… the Chinese Fu-Hi, who is pictured with the mystic tablets containing the mysteries of Heaven and Earth, is, with his consort and retinue, represented as having a fish's tail Sacred Texts. Undated. CHAPTER IX. THE FISHER KING. www.sacred-texts.com/neu/frr/frr12.htm In Arthurian legend the Fisher King, or the Wounded King, is the last in a long line charged with keeping the Holy Grail.


But all these animals reincarnations make no sense. Read this Biblical parable of rich man and Lazarus:

  • 19 "There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine linen and lived in luxury every day.
    20 At his gate was laid a beggar named Lazarus, covered with sores
    21 and longing to eat what fell from the rich man's table. Even the dogs came and licked his sores.
    22 "The time came when the beggar died and the angels carried him to Abraham's side. The rich man also died and was buried.
    23 In Hades, where he was in torment, he looked up and saw Abraham far away, with Lazarus by his side.
    24 So he called to him, 'Father Abraham, have pity on me and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue, because I am in agony in this fire.'
    25 "But Abraham replied, 'Son, remember that in your lifetime you received your good things, while Lazarus received bad things, but now he is comforted here and you are in agony.
    26 And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been set in place, so that those who want to go from here to you cannot, nor can anyone cross over from there to us.'
    27 "He answered, 'Then I beg you, father, send Lazarus to my family,
    28 for I have five brothers. Let him warn them, so that they will not also come to this place of torment.'
    29 "Abraham replied, 'They have Moses and the Prophets; let them listen to them.'
    30 "'No, father Abraham,' he said, 'but if someone from the dead goes to them, they will repent.'
    31 "He said to him, 'If they do not listen to Moses and the Prophets, they will not be convinced even if someone rises from the dead.'"
    Luke 16:19-31


Such a parable is meant to illustrate a moral lesson, which is about not respecting the testimony left by Moses and the prophets. It should never be used, as some do, to illustrate actual locations of heaven and hell.

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Figure 3. Page from Athraveda

The Hindu Vedas existed before 1700 BC and never support reincarnation, which was a doctrine which emerged during middle of first millennium BC.

Hindu Vedas Reject Reincarnation

Reincarnation was a doctrine which appeared late in human history, around the middle of the first millennium BC.:

  • Samsara is a Sanskrit word, the literal meaning of which is "a wandering through" – in reference to the passage through many states of existence that is involved in the cycle of death and rebirth.
    The historical origins of a concept of a cycle of repeated reincarnation are obscure but the idea appears frequently in religious and philosophical texts in both India and ancient Greece during the middle of the first millennium B.C.E. Orphism, Platonism, Jainism and Buddhism all discuss the transmigration of beings from one life to another. The concept of reincarnation is present in the early Vedic texts such as the Rigveda but some scholars speculate it to have originated from the shramana traditions. Several scholars believe that reincarnation was adopted from this religious culture by the Historical Vedic religion and that Brahmins first wrote down scriptures containing these ideas in the early (Aitereya) Upanishads wikipedia. 2016. Samsara. En.wikipedia.org.


The remarkable point is that the earlier ancient scriptures before 500 BC are against a reincarnation concept that when a person upon death may be born again as an animal, human or even god. The Hindu Vedas actually reject reincarnation.

  • There are indeed no references to reincarnation in the Rig Veda. Or for that matter in the other Vedas (Sama, Yajur and Atharva). Reincarnation, or transmigration of the soul … There are several clear dates and times that will help us determine when this idea appeared. It is very clear that this was a developed idea by the time of Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)… It will shock many people to realize that this teaching is not present in the most authoritative texts of Hinduism. Wyatt Robertson 2016. Ask the Pundit. www.karma2grace.org/webcomponents/faq/index.asp?det=65

    I had written that Sati dates back to the time when the Hindu people did not yet believe in reincarnation, and that it was also known among other people who didn't have the doctrine of reincarnation, such as the ancient Egyptians and Chinese. Predictably, some Hindus reacted furiously, stating that Hindus had always believed in reincarnation and quoting chapter and verse from the Vedas to prove it. Here is my answer: the Rg-Veda, at least, does not contain the doctrine of reincarnation at all, and it is a post-Rg-Vedic text that explicitly introduces it. So, this is not a foreigner's answer, it is the answer of one of India's own great seers. Koenraad Elst Friday, March 22, 2013 No rebirth in the Rg-Veda. koenraadelst.blogspot.com/2013/03/no-rebirth-in-rg-veda.html

    There are a lot of references about reincarnation in the Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Mahabharatta, Bhagavatam and other Puranas. However, there is not even one verse about it in the oldest Hindu scriptures: 4 Veda Samhitas. (Samhita parts of the Vedas: Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, Atharva Veda) Actually I didn`t even see any hint about it. 4 Veda Samhitas are divine revelations to Hindus, they were composed by the Rishis/seers then my question is How didn`t the Rishis see the truth about reincarnation at those years? Why didn`t they say anything about it in the Samhitas? Instead of reincarnation, they only talked about going to heaven. Reincarnation or no reincarnation in Hinduism? Discussion in 'Hinduism DIR' started by themo, Dec 8, 2011.

    Sri Ramana Maharshi: Reincarnation exists only so long as there is ignorance. There is really no reincarnation at all, either now or before. Nor will there be any hereafter. This is the truth.
    Sri Ramana Maharshi taught that all such theories are based on the false assumption that the individual self or soul is real; once this illusion is seen through, the whole superstructure of after-life theories collapses. From the standpoint of the Self, there is no birth or death, no heaven or hell, and no reincarnation… As a concession to those who were unable to assimilate the implications of this truth, Sri Ramana would sometimes admit that reincarnation existed. In replying to such people he would say that if one imagined that the individual self was real, then that imaginary self would persist after death and that eventually it would identify with a new body and a new life. The whole process, he said, is sustained by the tendency of the mind to identify itself with a body. Once the limiting illusion of mind is transcended, identification with the body ceases, and all theories about death and reincarnation are found to be inapplicable Reincarnation. From The Teachings of Sri Ramana Maharshi. Edited by David Godman. Undated. www.hinduism.co.za/reincarn.htm


Why do the Hindu Vedas reject reincarnation? This is because the Hindu Vedas actually state that when a person dies, he will go straight to heaven:

  • Rigveda 10.14. 1. Yama … gathers men together… who searches out and shows the path to many. 2 Yama first found for us a place to dwell in: this pasture never can be taken from Us. Men born on earth tread their own paths that lead them whither our ancient Fathers have departed.
    Rigveda 10.14. 8 Meet Yama, meet the Fathers, meet the merit of free or ordered acts, in highest heaven. Leave sin and evil, seek anew thy dwelling, and bright with glory wear another body.

    Atharva Veda Book XVIII. Hymn 3. 58 Meet Yama, meet the Fathers, meet the merit of virtuous action in the loftiest heaven. Leave sin and evil, seek anew thy dwelling : so bright with glory let him join his body.
    59 Our Father's Fathers and their sires before them, they who have entered into air's wide region. For them shall self-resplendent Asuniti form bodies now according to her pleasure.

    Rigveda 10.58.Manas or Spirit. 1. THY spirit, that went far away to Yama .. 2 Thy spirit, that went far away, that passed away to earth and heaven.. 6 Thy spirit, that went far away to beams of light that flash and flow… 10 Thy spirit, that went far away into this All, that lives and moves


Well, other ancient cultures state similar things:

  • Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was; and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it. Ecclesiastes 12.7

    Confucius said: "The hwun or khi returns to heaven; the body and the p'oh returns to the Earth" Li Chi, Ch.38, 1,7.

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Figure 4. Borobudur Temple, Indonesia.

Buddha never taught reincarnation.

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Buddha Rejected Reincarnation

Buddha rejected the concept of reincarnation


For Buddha to insist that the doctrine of reincarnation is not compulsory means that Buddha did not equate it to the same high status as the Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path. The doctrine of reincarnation was one which Buddha could not care less about, as there are much more important Truths to deliver.






Figire 5. Tibetan Thanka of Bardo
. Vision of Serene Deities, 19th Century, Giumet Museum

Bardo Thodol depicts various types of Afterlife created by the mind of the departed Soul

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Testimony from Bardo Thodol, Tibetan Book of the Dead

Regarded as the highest Buddhist metaphysic text, Bardo Thodol, "The Liberation Through Hearing During the Intermediate State", was composed in the 8th century by Padmasambhava, written down by his primary student, Yeshe Tsogyal, buried in the Gampo hills in central Tibet and subsequently discovered by a Tibetan terton, Karma Lingpa, in the 14th century. Padmasambhava is widely venerated as a second Buddha across Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, and the Himalayan states of India

This Bardo Thodol states that when a person dies, he would find himself in one of the six worlds, which ranged from the devas at the highest to animals at the lowest, reflecting a heaven to hell scenario.

But, Bardo Thodol has a remarkable passage which shows that these "Hell" or "Heaven" forms are all created by your own thoughts. Hell images are hallucinations!

  • O nobly-born on the Fourteenth Day, the Four Female Door-Keepers, also issuing from within thine own brain, will come to shine upon thee. Again recognize. From the east [quarter] of thy brain will come to shine the White Tiger-Headed Goad-Holding Goddess, bearing a blood-filled skull-bowl in her left [hand]; from the south, the Yellow Sow-Headed Noose-Holding Goddess; from the west, the Red Lion-Headed Iron-Chain-Holding Goddess; and from the north, the Green Serpent-Headed Bell-Holding Goddess. Thus, issue the Four Female Door-Keepers also from within thine own brain and come to shine upon thee; as tutelary deities, recognize them. O nobly-born, on the outer Circle of these thirty wrathful deities, Herukas, the twenty-eight various headed mighty goddesses, bearing various weapons, issuing from within thine own brain, will come to shine upon thee. Fear that not. Recognize whatever shineth to be the thought-forms of thine own intellectual faculties. At this vitally important time, recollect the select teachings of the guru. Bardo Thodol. Bk I, Part II The Fourteenth Day p29

    Then the Lord of Death [Yama: left figure] will say, ' I will consult the Mirror of Karma'. So saying, he will look in the Mirror, wherein every good and evil act is vividly reflected. Lying will be of no avail. Then [one of the Executive Furies of] the Lord of Death will place round thy neck a rope and drag thee along; he will cut off thy head, extract thy heart, pull out thy intestines, lick up thy brain, drink thy blood, eat thy flesh, and gnaw thy bones; but thou wilt be incapable of dying. Although thy body be hacked to pieces, it will revive again. The repeated hacking will cause intense pain and torture. Even at the time that the pebbles are being counted out, be not frightened, nor terrified; tell no lies; and fear not the Lord of Death. Thy body being a mental body is incapable of dying even though beheaded and quartered. In reality, thy body is of the nature of voidness; thou needst not be afraid. The Lords of Death are thine own hallucinations. Thy desire-body is a body of propensities, and void. Voidness cannot injure voidness; the qualityless cannot injure the qualityless. Apart from one's own hallucinations, in reality there are no such things existing outside oneself as Lord of Death, or god, or demon, or the Bull-headed Spirit of Death. Bardo Thodol. Bk II, Part 1. The Judgement. p38.

    • The underlying solution - repeated again and again - is to recognize that your brain is producing the visions. They do not exist. Nothing exists except as your consciousness gives it life…, the lamas have listed or named a thousand images which can boil up in the ever-changing jeweled mosaic of the retina (that multi-layered swamp of billions of rods and cones, infiltrated, like a Persian rug or a Mayan carving, with countless multi-colored capillaries). By preparatory reading of the manual and by its repetition during the experience, the novice is led via suggestion to recognize this fantastic retinal kaleidoscope. Most important, he is told that they come from within. All deities and demons, all heavens and hells are internal. Timothy Leary, Ph.D., Ralph Metzner, Ph.D., & Richard Alpert, Ph.D. The Psychedelic Experience ~ A manual based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead


    Thine own consciousness, not formed into anything, in reality void, and the intellect, shining and blissful, -- these two, -- are inseparable. The union of them is the Dharma-Kaya state of Perfect Enlightenment. Thine own consciousness, shining, void, and inseparable from the Great Body of Radiance, hath no birth, nor death, and is the Immutable Light -- Buddha Amitabha. Bardo Thodol. Bk I, Part 1 The Bardo of the Moments of Death The Primary Clear Light Seen at the Moment of Death p8-9

    O nobly-born, if thou knowest not how thus to meditate, act so as to remember the Compassionate One, and the Sangha, the Dharma, and the Buddha, and pray. Think of all these fears and terrifying apparitions as being thine own tutelary deity, or as the Compassionate One. Bring to thy recollection the mystic name that hath been given thee at the time of thy sacred initiation when thou wert a human being, and the name of thy guru, and tell them to the Righteous King of the Lord[s] of Death. Even though thou fallest down precipices, thou wilt not be hurt.. Bardo Thodol. Bk II, Part II The Judgement p39

    O nobly-born, thy immediate experiences will be of momentary joys followed by momentary sorrows, of great intensity, like the [taut and relaxed] mechanical actions of catapults. Be not in the least attached [to the joys] nor displeased [by the sorrows] of that. If thou art to be born on a higher plane, the vision of that higher plane will be dawning upon thee. Bardo Thodol. Bk II, Part II All Determining Influence of Thought p39

    • Comment: The form you will take after death is influenced by your thoughts. These thoughts would have been developed during your earthly life. Whatever rewards or punishments you get in the Afterlife will be your own doing! That is, the evil punish themselves!

      Samsara literally means "wandering-on." Many people think of it as the Buddhist name for the place where we currently live — the place we leave when we go to nibbana. But in the early Buddhist texts, it's the answer, not to the question, "Where are we?" but to the question, "What are we doing?" Instead of a place, it's a process: the tendency to keep creating worlds and then moving into them …
      This is why the Buddha tried to find the way to stop samsara-ing. Once he had found it, he encouraged others to follow it, too. Because samsara-ing is something that each of us does, each of us has to stop it him or her self alone. If samsara were a place, it might seem selfish for one person to look for an escape, leaving others behind. But when you realize that it's a process, there's nothing selfish about stopping it at all. It's like giving up an addiction or an abusive habit. Thanissaro Bhikkhu. 2002. Samsara. www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/thanissaro/samsara.html

      Samsara is essentially not any fixed place or realm - for it is any state of mind filled with attachment, aversion and delusion. As the enlightened have no attachment, aversion and delusion, they are forever free of the samsaric, and are never really "in" Samsara, even as they "enter" Samsara to aid beings truly "in" Samsara to be free of attachment, aversion and delusion. It is thus an error to imagine that the enlightened suffer in Samsara when they remain or return to Samsara to help relieve suffering - for, once again, Samsara is not a place. Being enlightened is also to be free of all suffering - wherever one is


    What Bardo Thodol is saying is that a person will create certain images of what he will become in the Afterlife due to his merits in this life. Physically, these certain images are not real, but are allegories which will symbolise the mental conditions of his Afterlife. Those with good morality will eventually project mental conditions of their Afterlife as those of bliss and like "Heaven". But those of poor morals will trap their eventual Afterlife with adverse agonising mental conditions alike to "Hell". But, there would be no physical Heaven or Hell, only mental conditons of the Afterlife.



    The stages of "Hell" described in many ancient cultures are ill-described illustrations of the corrective processes God will apply to your Photon Matrix. If your merits are good you will go through less corrections and will get more rewards. Whatever it is, these corrective proccesses will ensure every one will reach the same "Heaven"!

    What is not realised is that, long ago, God made a promise that He will underdo all evil and save all.






Figure 6. Dalai Lama

The concept that the Dalai Lama was a reincarnation started in 1284. Before that, the succession was determined by father to son or master to disciple. That the Dalai Lama is a reincarnation has no basis, except for political reasons.


Myth of Recognition of Reincarnation

As a toddler, he was put on a throne and worshipped by monks who treated him like a god. But the boy chosen by the Dalai Lama as a reincarnation of a spiritual leader has caused consternation – and some embarrassment – for Tibetan Buddhists by turning his back on the order that had such high hopes for him... According to the foundation biography, another leader suspected Torres was the reincarnation of the recently deceased Lama Yeshe when he was only five months old. In 1986, at 14 months, his parents took him to see the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala, India. The toddler was chosen out of nine other candidates and eventually "enthroned"... ( Dale Fuchs in Madrid. Sunday 31 May 2009 23.11 BST. Boy chosen by Dalai Lama turns back on Buddhist order. https://www.theguardian.com › World › Buddhism)

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Annex: Myth of Dalai Lama Reincarnation
Xinhua Insight: Exposing the myth of Dalai Lama's reincarnation. English.news.cn 2015-07-19 19:10:10. news.xinhuanet.com/english/indepth/2015-07/19/c_134426001.htm

A most famous case of purported reincarnation is that of the 14th Dalai Lama. The historical background to his installation as the reincarnated Dalai Lama should be examined, and the highlighted phrases carefully considered.

  • The first to implement the reincarnation system was not the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism, to which the 14th Dalai Lama belongs. Tibetan Buddhism has four main schools, Gelug, Nyingma, Sakya and Kagyu. Gelug is the most influential.

    "The establishment of the reincarnation system is a contribution from the Kagyu school," said Chamdoi, head of the Tsurpu Monastery Buddhist College of the Kaguy school. In 1284, Rangjung Dorje was selected as the reincarnation of his Kagyu predecessor, becoming the first reincarnated Rinpoche in Tibet. Before then, Tibetan Buddhism relied on father-to-son and master-to-disciple transmission. "The reincarnation system is more stable and is better for the monastery's development," said Chamdoi.

    While the first reincarnated Rinpoche was from the Kagyu school, it is the Gelug school that has made the system influential. As marriage is not allowed for Gelug monks, monastery leaders could not continue their rule through bloodlines, so they borrowed the idea of reincarnation from the Kagyu school.

    The 5th Dalai Lama was summoned to an audience with Qing Emperor Shunzhi in 1653, who officially conferred on him the title of Dalai Lama, establishing its political and religious status in Tibet.

    • The sixth Dalai Lama, Tsangyang Gyatso, was enthroned in 1697. In 1702, he renounced his vows and led a romantc life. He died in 1706, probably murdered. The seventh Dalai Lama was enthroned in 1720.


    After the 13th Dalai Lama passed away in 1933, the local government of Tibet followed historical convention and appointed a regent to search for the boy that held his soul. The Regent Reting led the search team to Lhamo Latso Lake, where he saw in the water several Tibetan letters, a monastery with a golden tower-style roof, and a zigzag path to the east of the monastery leading to a small bungalow on the opposite hill. According to well-known tales in Tibet, the senior monks went into the room. Lhamo Thonodup grasped the prayer beads worn by the 13th Dalai Lama from a monk and hung them around his neck. Several daily articles of the 13th Dalai Lama were laid out before him. To their surprise, he exactly identified the items owned by the 13th Dalai Lama. This led the search party to believe Lhamo Thonodup was the candidate for reincarnation. They brought him to Lhasa.

    The traditional selection process of "drawing lots from the golden urn" was established in the late 18th century by Emperor Qianlong to prevent Tibetan Rinpoches from fighting for wealth and power.
    The urn contained several ivory lots of the same size. Names of competing candidates were written on folded slips of paper placed in the urn.

    "The lot-drawing process combines the Qing Empire's right to rule with Tibet's god-judging customs, which effectively prevents malpractice in the reincarnation system," said Zhukang Tubdankezhub, the 7th Zhukang Rinpoche and head of the Buddhist Association of China Tibet branch.
    "Officials and senior monks sat in front of the emperor's portrait. Three slips of names were put in the urn," it said.
    The reincarnation of the 13th Dalai Lama should have followed the process, but Lhamo Thonodup was exempted from the drawing through a concession by the central government. Similar situations have happened twice in history, both approved by the central government after the high commissioner stationed in Tibet reported to the emperor.

    "Whether to approve or exempt lot drawing lies with the central government, which reflects the authority of the central government in Rinpoche reincarnation," said Chen Qingying, researcher with the China Tibetology Research Center. On Feb. 22, 1940, the five-year-old Lhamo Thondup was enthroned as the 14th Dalai Lama at the Potala Palace. Wu Zhongxin, chairman of the Commission for Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs of the central government at the time, presided over the ceremony. Wu's seat faced south, as did that of the Dalai Lama, to the east of the throne, marking the sovereignty of the central government over Tibet.


The Dalai Lama case is the only widespread well-known so-called case of reincarnation

But, it is very clear that originally there was no doctrine of reincarnation of the Dalai Lama. The issue of placing three names in a lot selection reflected not the objective of determining the reincarnation but to prevent the Rinpoches from quarelling among themselves. It was an added AD 1284 doctrine with political objectives. Through hundred of years of acceptance, the doctrine of the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama became an unnecessary "Truth".



Not withstanding the differences of views, the author has great respect for His Holiness the Dalai Lama, as he is a beacon of faith for millions of Buddhists.


Hey, you are supposed to be a reincarnation of the famous lama!




Do not bother me. I am not going to be a lama. I want to go dancing.

That was when they found he was not a reincarnated lama, but a dancer in his former life.


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